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                          A.H. Himes / Ocean & Coastal Management 50 (2007) 329–351  335
          waters, (4) support scientific research, (5) increase the understanding and protection of
          local archaeological resources, and (6) promote socio-economic development connected to
          the environmental importance of the area.
            The EIMR’s management body is currently the city government of Favignana. The
          local mayor is the official President of the MPA and has responsibility of insuring
          the presence of an MPA director, an advisory board, and that the MPA is being
          successfully managed. The Trapani Harbor Master’s Office has the responsibility for
          enforcement of the regulatory framework of the MPA and all relevant regional and
          national fishing regulations. To date, no management plan has been drafted for the EIMR.
          Active management has been based partly on the six objectives stated in the previous
          paragraph and partly on the political needs of the current local government’s

          4. Methods

            The main objective of the research was to develop an initial set of stakeholder indicators
          of ‘success’ for the EIMR. To accomplish this, a semi-structured questionnaire was
          designed to elicit a range of stakeholder definitions of ‘success’, to determine how
          success can be achieved, to develop an index regarding respondent knowledge of the
          EIMR, and to determine how evaluations of MPAs should be conducted in the EIMR.
          Demographic information was collected for each respondent, including the category of
          respondent, sex, age, education, occupation and activities that the respondent undertakes
          in the MPA.
            A total of 293 questionnaires were completed. Questionnaires were presented in face-to-
          face interviews to 50 fishers, 208 local residents, 12 MPA management officials and 23 local
          researchers (mostly biologists). Questionnaires were presented to fishers at their fishing
          vessels, to MPA managers at their offices, to researchers at local universities, and to local
          residents in bars and cafes in the center of town on each island. All data collection took
          place between January 17 and March 31, 2004. Due to low population numbers, a census
          was attempted for the populations of fishers, management officials and researchers. A
          random, stratified sample was taken of local residents; an attempt was made at
          interviewing an equal number of men and women.
            The questionnaire was centered on three open-ended questions:

           What do you think are the most important resources of the Egadi Islands
            (environmental, cultural, and economic) and the most important threats to those
           Please describe your own vision of what a successful EIMR would be. Complete the
            following sentence: In my opinion, the EIMR would be a success in the future if/when
           What management initiatives would need to be undertaken to achieve your vision of

            To test stakeholder knowledge of the MPA’s regulations, respondents were asked to
          respond to five questions regarding the regulations of the MPA. Furthermore, respondents
          were asked a series of nine opinion questions about the state of the MPA, and three
          questions regarding the need for an evaluation of MPA management.
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