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homesteads in what were once the huge Roman latifondi  (SLIDE 36) and the feudal estates of
                  Sicily, the ancient windmills of the saltworks (SLIDE 37) that typify the south-western coast of
                  the  Island  (from  Trapani  to  Marsala) ,  and  the  sulphur  mines  in  the  province  of  Agrigento,
                  Caltanissetta  and  Palermo   (SLIDE  38).  There  are  many  different  ways  of  interpreting  the
                  innumerable  identarian  elements  present  in  the  Sicilian  landscape,  but  any  interpretive
                  coherency will be tied to the possibility of collecting ample data and information destined for an
                  archival,  bibliographic,  iconographic  and  audio  repertory  able  to  confer  depth  to  the
                  reconstruction and make the recuperation of memory possible.
                        From this point of view, the history and the economy of tuna fishing, more than any other
                  activity,  have  perhaps  the  greatest  amount  of  available  documentary  evidence.  The  sources
                  include accountant registers, diaries of the raisi (indisputable leader of the tonnara workers on
                  land and sea), and notary contracts that regulated individual and collective relations. There are

                  also fiscal records and reports compiled by experts and technicians as well as legal documents
                  recording  disputes  between  owners  and  managers  of  the  tonnare  quarrelling  over  territorial
                  fishing  rights.  Whereas  the  archives  of  numerous  19   century  industries  (citrus  fruit,  metal-
                  works, wine, sulphur, etc…) have been lost or destroyed, sometimes deliberately, with surprising
                  nonchalance, in the case of the tonnare, an abundance of diverse writings and documentation
                  for both the large and small enterprises is available from the second half of the 19  century. This
                  material  includes  a  vast  number  of  photos  taken  by  highly  regarded  professionals  as  well  as

                  amateurs photographers all attracted to the cruel ritual of the mattanza  (SLIDES 39-41)(the
                  slaughter  of  the  ensnared  tuna  with  clubs).  From  this  visual  evidence,  striking  analogies  and
                  variations among the different architectural styles emerge. Moreover, even if there are no two
                  identical tonnare, the photos – more so than written documents – illustrate essentially intact
                  spaces,  phases  of  work  and  portraits  of  the  workers,  (SLIDES  42-44)  offering  a  coherent
                  picture of what the different production sites – today totally unrecognizable – had in common.
                        A further reflection, in closing, regards the difficult relation between the architectonic and
                  preindustrial elements that need to be protected and the areas in which they are located. This is

                  not irrelevant and I only mention it here to point out the complexity and the difficulty of any

                  18  G. Valussi, La casa rurale nella Sicilia occidentale, L. Olschki, Firenze, 1968; B. Spano, “La
                  casa del latifondo centro-meridionale”, in Case contadine, Touring Club Italiano, Milano, 1979,
                  pp. 164-197.
                  19  G. Mondini, Le saline della provincia di Trapani, Trapani, 1881; G. Bufalino, Saline di Sicilia,
                  Sellerio,  Palermo,  1988;  S.  Costanza,  Tra  Sicilia  e  Africa.  Trapani.  Storia  di  una  città
                  mediterranea, Corrao, Trapani, 2005.
                  20   S.  Addamo,  Zolfare  di  Sicilia,  Sellerio,  Palermo,  1989;  G.  Barone  –  C.  Torrisi  (edited  by),
                  Economia e società nell’area dello zolfo, S. Sciascia, Caltanissetta-Roma, 1989.
                  21  Besides V. Consolo, La pesca del tonno cit., see also, in particular: G. Lazzaro Danduso – E.
                  Zinna, La mattanza. Il ritorno di Ulisse, G. Maimone, Catania, 1987; R. La Duca, La tonnara di
                  Scopello,  Grifo,  Palermo,  1988;  M.  Lo  Curzio,  L’Architettura  delle  Tonnare,  EDAS,  Messina,
                  1991;  G.  Martorana,  Tonnara,  Sellerio,  Palermo,  1995;  N.  Ravazza,  L’ultima  muciara.  Storia
                  della tonnara di Bonagia, G. Maurici, Trapani, 2000; F. Morreale, Tonnare di ritorno. Santa
                  Panagia e le altre, Natura Sicula, Siracusa, 2009; Burri – Freed – List – Salgado – Scianna,
                  Tempo  di  tonni.  Favignana,  lo  stabilimento  Florio,  con  un  testo  di  Silvio  Governali,
                  Soprintendenza  BB.CC.AA.,  Trapani,  2009;  R.  Alongi  –  G.  Gini  –  R.  Lentini  (edited  by),  Lo
                  Stabilimento  Florio  di  Favignana.  Storia,  iconografia,  architettura,  testi  di  Rosario  Lentini,
                  Soprintendenza BB.CC.AA., Trapani, 2008.

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