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determined and regulated human life and activity. Of course, not all the surviving tonnare can
                  become  museums  because  ownership  is  often  divided,  making  agreement  about  the  terms  of
                  restoration impossible.  It  would be desirable, therefore, that the communities  in which these

                  structures  are  located  create  conditions  favourable  to  the  reconciliation  of  the  needs  and
                  legitimate interests of the property owners and the proposals by the local authorities to protect
                  and utilize the structures.
                        The  restoration  of  the  grand  Stabilimento  Florio  (SLIDES  24-32)  merits  special
                  attention. This tuna processing plant on the island of Favignana was built in the 1880’s on the
                  shore  near  the  buildings  and  storehouses  of  the  ancient  tonnara.  Acquired  by  the  Regione
                  Siciliana in the 1990’s, it has been restored with significant EU funding (about 15 million Euro)
                  and  opened  to  the  public  in  2009.  In  the  meantime,  the  search  for  a  qualified  manager  at  a
                  national  or  international  level  has  also  commenced.  This  enormous  area  (about  32,000  sq.

                  meters) is suitable for a variety of uses, including an already scheduled exhibition space.
                        From  this  perspective,  next  to  the  profit-making  activities  that  are  due  to  start  soon  –
                  sports facilities, hotels, etc… – cultural objectives should also be pursued in what is one of the
                  most  evocative  locations  in  western  Sicily.  In  particular,  I  believe  that  the  Stabilimento  in
                  question must become not only the site of a museum for the two ancient tonnare of Formica and
                  Favignana,  but  also  the  preferred  site  of  a  “Historical  Museum  of  the  Tonnare  of  Sicily”  an
                  expository  space  that  would  bring  together  material  from  the  other  ancient  Sicilian  fishing

                  structures.  Such  a  hypothesis  is  supported  and  strengthened  by  environmental  factors  and
                  circumstances difficult to find or replicate elsewhere. In the first place, it should be noted that
                  since 1991 the area in which the Stabilimento is located has been enhanced by the creation of the
                  “Natural Marine Reserve of the Egadi Islands.” This is the concrete result of the need to protect
                  a vast area of about 54,000 marine hectares, considered of particular importance for the marine
                  ecosystem. (SLIDES 33-35) Secondly, the two tonnare of the Egadi Islands were historically
                  the most productive not only in Sicily but, as government data show  from the second half of
                  the 1800’s, in all of Italy. Further still, the Favignana tonnara was the largest tonnara in Italy

                  and represented, up until the 1960’s, the most advanced canning industry for the conservation
                  of tuna as well. Finally, the natural beauty of the islands exalts and amplifies the potential value
                  of  the  museum  project  for  the  local  economy  since  a  restored  and  renovated  Stabilimento
                  Florio, serving as both a congress centre and museum, would attract a great deal of scientific
                  and  conference  tourism  activity.  The  Stabilimento,  therefore,  has  all  the  characteristics  and
                  prerequisites  to  become  the  historic  memory  of  a  fundamental  piece  of  Sicily’s  preindustrial
                  material culture and of its centuries-old tuna fishing economy.

                        This  identarian  value  which  I’ve  hinted  at  obviously  does  not  belong  exclusively  to  the
                  tonnara  and  does  not  derive  only  from  its  functional  specificity  and  construction  typologies.
                  Other  examples  of  Sicily’s  rich  identarian  legacy  include  the  network  of  the  agro-pastoral

                  17  P. Pavesi, “Relazione alla Commissione Reale per le Tonnare”, cit., pp. 101-109.

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