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                                This research was supported by the Spanish Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (Project CGL2013-
                                48277-P) and from the European Union’s Seventh Framework programme for  research and innovation under
                                the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement No 609402 - 2020 researchers: Train to Move (T2M) postdoctoral
                                fellowship to R. Vodă, and by the projects “Barcoding Italian Butterflies” and “Barcoding Butterflies of the
                                Tuscan Archipelago National Park.” V. Dincă was supported by a Marie Curie International Outgoing Fellowship
                                within the 7th European Community Framework Programme (project no. 625997). L. Dapporto was supported
                                by European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Sklodowska-Curie
                                grant (project no. 658844 Eco-PhyloGeo). We thank Axel Hausmann, Anthony Seguna and Michael Seizmair for
                                providing samples and Alessandro Cini, David Baracchi and Giuseppe Mazza for their help in field collections.

                                Author Contributions
                                R.Vodă and L.D. conceived the study and performed the analyses. R.Vodă, L.D., V.D. and R.Vila designed the
                                research and wrote the manuscript. All authors contributed to sample acquisition, discussed the results and
                                commented on the study.

                                Additional Information
                                Supplementary information accompanies this paper at
                                Competing financial interests: The authors declare no competing financial interests.
                                How to cite this article: Vodă, R. et al. Historical and contemporary factors generate unique butterfly
                                communities on islands. Sci. Rep. 6, 28828; doi: 10.1038/srep28828 (2016).
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         Scientific RepoRts | 6:28828 | DOI: 10.1038/srep28828                                                11
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