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industries (citrus  fruit,  metal-works,  wine, sulphur,  etc…) have been lost or destroyed,
                sometimes deliberately,  with surprising  nonchalance, in the case  of the  tonnare,  an

                abundance of diverse writings and documentation for both the large and small enterprises is
                available from the second half of the 19  century. This material includes a vast number of
                photos taken by highly regarded professionals as well as amateurs photographers all attracted

                to the cruel ritual of the mattanza  (the slaughter of the ensnared tuna with clubs). From this
                visual  evidence,  striking  analogies and variations among the different  architectural  styles

                emerge.  Moreover, even if there are no two identical tonnare, the photos – more so than
                written documents – illustrate essentially intact spaces, phases of work and portraits of the

                workers,  offering  a  coherent  picture  of  what the  different production sites  –  today totally
                unrecognizable –  had in common.

                       A further reflection, in closing, regards the difficult relation between the architectonic

                and preindustrial elements that need to be protected and the areas in which they are located.
                This is not irrelevant and I only mention it here to point out the complexity and the difficulty

                of any heritage restoration project in which different levels of competence and responsibility

                are involved. In the specific case of the tonnare, a more detailed analysis I conducted some
                years ago regarding the pre-existing structures in the area around Palermo  has shown that
                the grave  discordance  between  these  structures  and their  respective contexts was  due to
                economic-productive variations over time and to uncontrolled  private  initiatives, often

                resulting in damage to the property in question. However, a census of these aggressions along
                the coast in the past decades and in particular of the damage to the towers and the tonnare,

                should not  only arouse  public indignation,  but should also  induce the local authorities  to

                adopt rigorous policies that can no longer be postponed. Though a complete return to prior
                environmental conditions is not possible, provisions are urgently needed to impede further

                disruption  of the surrounding areas  before  the  remaining  architectonic complexes are
                definitely destroyed.

                       Though the Sicilian tonnare no longer perform their original function, they remain a
                precious testimony to the extraordinary experience of the culture of work and to the material

            21  Besides V. Consolo, La pesca del tonno cit., see also, in particular: G. Lazzaro Danduso – E. Zinna, La mattanza. Il
            ritorno di  Ulisse, G. Maimone, Catania,  1987; R.  La  Duca,  La tonnara  di Scopello, Grifo,  Palermo, 1988; M. Lo
            Curzio,  L’Architettura delle Tonnare, EDAS, Messina,  1991; G. Martorana,  Tonnara, Sellerio, Palermo, 1995;  N.
            Ravazza, L’ultima muciara.  Storia della  tonnara di Bonagia,  G. Maurici, Trapani, 2000; F. Morreale,  Tonnare di
            ritorno. Santa Panagia e le altre, Natura Sicula, Siracusa, 2009; Burri – Freed – List – Salgado – Scianna, Tempo di
            tonni. Favignana, lo stabilimento Florio, con un testo di Silvio Governali, Soprintendenza BB.CC.AA., Trapani, 2009;
            R. Alongi – G. Gini – R. Lentini (edited by), Lo Stabilimento Florio di Favignana. Storia, iconografia, architettura,
            testi di Rosario Lentini, Soprintendenza BB.CC.AA., Trapani, 2008.
            22  R. Lentini, “Da Magazzinazzi a Cefalù: le tonnare palermitane tra storia e recupero”, in M. Gangemi (edited by),
            Pesca e patrimonio industriale. Tecniche, strutture e organizzazione (Sicilia, Puglia, Malta e Dalmazia tra XIX e XX
            secolo), Cacucci, Bari, 2007, pp. 91-124.

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