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161    Does Absence of Charismatic Species Impact the Ecotourism Potential of Central Mediterranean Islands?

           (Balmford et al., 2015). Yet different packages and re-  Blondel, J. & Vigne, J. D. (1993). Space, time and man
           search on ecotourist profiling might be necessary. In   as determinants of diversity of birds and mammals
           this regard, more studies on profiling of ecotourists in  in the Mediterranean region. In R. E. Ricklefs &
           the region and which are currently lacking are required.  D. Scluter (Eds.), Historical and Geographical De-
             In 1987, Schembri, Lanfranco, Farrugia, Schembri and  terminants of Community Diversity (pp. 135–146).
           Sultana pointed out that whereas quality/quantity ar-  Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
           guments on tourism had been ongoing and even if other  Buckley, R. (2013). To use tourism as a conservation
           countries were benefiting from a tourism product based  tool, rst study tourists. Anim. Conserv. 16, 259–
           on nature, Malta had failed to tap into this niche.    260.
           Diamantis (2000) argues that ecotourism in Mediter-  Butler, R. W. (1994). Seasonality in tourism: Issues
           ranean Islands was still in its infancy hinting at the lack  and problems. In A. V. Seaton, C. L. Jenkins,
           of demand. Meanwhile, whereas tourism in the Medi-     R. C. Wood, P. U. C. Dieke, M. M. Bennett, L. R.
           terranean is strong, new trends in tourists’ interests are  MacLellan & R. Smith (Eds.), Tourism: The State
           shifting from 3S tourism (Vogiatzakis et al., 2008). This  of the Art (pp. 332–339). Chichester: John Wiley.
           implies that new tourism products such as ecotourism  Cannings, R. (2001). The dragonflies of the Columbia:
           need to be further explored. Meanwhile the situation re-  Field surveys, collections development. Res. Links,
           ported by Diamantis (2000) did not change much. Yet,   9, 4–10.
           one cannot blame this on the absence of charismatic  Cutajar, S., Sebrechts, T., Bennett, C., Scholier, T.,
           species. Other challenges need to be overcome includ-  Festjens, F., Marsboom, C., . . . Jocuque, M. (2017).
           ing island connectivity, lack of innovative ecotourism  Initiating a collaborative monitoring system to sur-
           products and lack of services such as interpretation. The  vey Maltese orchids. Bull. Entomol. Soc. Malta, 9,
           area of study is also impacted by lack of promotion of  102–103.
           the islands as ecodestinations with too much focus be-  Deemer, E. (2014). In search of the snow leopard: a new
           ing made by policy makers and operators on mass tour-  take on conservation-based ecotourism for Natural
           ism. Lack of management of protected areas due to lack  Habitat Adventures. J. Ecotourism, 13(1), 71–77.
           of funding, extensive detrimental environmental impact  Deidun, A. (2010). Challenges to the conservation of
           and lack of environmental awareness among locals and   biodiversity on small islands: the case of the Maltese
           operators were other challenges identified by stakehold-  Islands. Int. J. Arts Sci. 3(8), 175–187.
           ers.                                               Deidun, A., Azzopardi, M., Saliba, S. & Schembri,
                                                                  P. J. (2003). Low faunal diversity on Maltese sandy
                                                                  beaches: fact or artefact? Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci.
           The authors would like to thank the Malta Government   58, 83–92.
           Scholarship Scheme for part-financing this study and  Deidun, A. & Schembri, P. J. (2005). A report of nest-
           the participants of interviews and focus groups. The   ing on a Maltese beach by the Loggerhead Turtle
           authors would also like to express gratitude to Mr. Ed-  Caretta caretta (Linnaeus 1758) (Reptilia: Chel-
           win Lanfranco for his feedback on a draft of this paper.  oniidae). Cent. Mediterr. Nat. 4(2), 137–138.

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