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242 R. Hutterer

100 km            .         I. LIPARI
                             ' ...

        I. EGADI

                                                                                I . PELAGIE

Fig. 1: Map of Sicily and surrounding archipelagos. The stippled area shows the extension of
land to a depth of less than 200 meters below present sea surface.

taken from Kotsakis 1986); 6) Sicily, Recent (see Hagen 1954; Klemmer & Krampitz 1954;
Vogel 1988); 7) Egadi Islands, Recent (see Krapp 1970). External measurements were taken
from specimen tags; ali other measurements were taken by the author with an electronic
caliper and a binocular measuring system. Drawings were made with a camera lucida. Voucher
specimens are deposited in the following collections: Institut de zoologie et d'écologie
animale, Lausanne (IZEA), Institute of Systematics and Evolution of Animals, Polish
Academy of Sciences, Krak6w (PAS), Senckenberg-Museum, Frankfurt (SMF), Centre de
Paleontologie, Université Claude Bernard, Lyon (UCBL), Zoologisches Forschungsinstitut
und Museum Alexander Koenig, Bonn (ZFMK), Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Verona
(MCV), private collection of J. Niethammer, Bonn (CNB), private collection of P. J. Schem-
bri, Malta (CSM), Ghar Dalam Cave and Museum, Malta (GDCM).


                         Characters of extinct and extant populations
All extant populations of C sicula are characterized by a sharply bicoloured body
and tail. The rostrum of the skull is flat and slender, and the infra-orbital bridge is
narrow. The most characteristic tooth is P 4: its parastyle is massive and angular like
a brick, and the dorsal edge of the cingulum is undulated, not straight (Vogel et al.
1989). The same characters are found in fossil specimens from Malta (Fig. 2). In
principle, the form of the parastyle is similar in Pleistocene and Present populations,
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